Hydrology studies the principles of water movements over the Earth. The main aim of the hydrological research is to define an occurrence of water, its circulation, spatial distribution, physical and chemical properties, and it relation to biosphere. As the water is present in all spheres of natural environment, hydrology is closely interrelated with meteorology, climatology, pedology, geology, and ecology. Water abundance, shortage, and pollution represent limiting factors for human development in various regions all over the world. Hence, the hydrological forecasting (both floods and drought) and water quality monitoring are of high importance for the human society.

Hydrological research at the Institute is focused on several topics. The first is represented by the investigation of water movements within the soil profile. The soil saturation constitutes one of the key factors controlling the flood occurrence and therefore belongs to crucial inputs to the hydrological forecasting systems. The second topic deals with the influence of climate change on the water regime in the Czech Republic. The changes of climate, land use or management practices may significantly affect the water resources management in various ways. Long-term orientation of the department is pointed at the hydroecological monitoring in mountainous regions of the Czech Republic. The main aim of this research is to precisely quantify all catchments’ input and output fluxes.

Selected papers

Šípek, V., Tesař, M., 2016. Validation of a mesoscale hydrological model in a small-scale forested catchment. Hydrology Research, 47(1), 27-41.

Dohnal, M., Vogel, T., Dušek, J., Votrubová, J., Tesař, M., 2016. Interpretation of ponded infiltration data using numerical experiments. Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics. (accepted)

Šípek, V., Daňhelka, J., 2015. Modification of input datasets for the Ensemble Streamflow Prediction based on large scale climatic indices and weather generator. Journal of Hydrology, 528, 720–733.

Fišák, J., Tesař, M., 2015. Evaluation of the Contribution of Deposited Precipitation. Advances in Meteorology, vol. 2015, Article ID 472963, 7 pages, 2015.

Navrátil, T., Shanley, J., Rohovec, J., Oulehle, F., Krám, P., Matoušková, Š., Tesař, M., Hojdová, M., 2015. Mercury in stream water at five Czech catchments across a Hg and S deposition gradient. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 158, 201–211.

Dohnal, M., Černý, T., Votrubová, J., Tesař, M., 2014. Rainfall interception and spatial variability of throughfall in spruce stand.Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics, 62(4), 277-284.

Vogel, T., Dohnal, M., Dušek, J., Votrubová, J., Tesař, M., 2013. Macroscopic Modeling of Plant Water Uptake in a Forest Stand Involving Root-mediated Soil Water Redistribution. Vadose Zone Journal12(1). 

Hnilica, J., Puš, V., 2013. Linear methods for the statistical transformation of daily precipitation sums from regional climate models. Theoretical and Applied Climatology 111(1-2), 29–36. 

Šípek, V., 2013. The influence of large-scale climatic patterns on precipitation, temperature, and discharge in Czech river basins. Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics, 61(4): 278-285.

Fišák, J., Stoyanova, V., Bartůňková, K., Tesař, M., Shoumkova, A., 2012. Typical Insoluble Particles in Fog Water at Milešovka Observatory (Czech Republic). Pure and Applied Geophysics 169(5-6), 1083-1091.

 

Offered topics of diploma and Ph.D. thesis

  • Vyhodnocení monitoringu vodního režimu půdy na lokalitách v NP Šumava
  • Intercepční proces lesního porostu
  • Vyhodnocení změn vodního režimu v důsledku dlouhodobého vývoje vegetačního krytu
  • Analýza složek sluneční radiace na lokalitě v CHKO Šumava