Hydrology


Hydrology studies the principles of water movements over the Earth. The main aim of the hydrological research is to define an occurrence of water, its circulation, spatial distribution, physical and chemical properties, and it relation to biosphere. As the water is present in all spheres of natural environment, hydrology is closely interrelated with meteorology, climatology, pedology, geology, and ecology. Water abundance, shortage, and pollution represent limiting factors for human development in various regions all over the world. Hence, the hydrological forecasting (both floods and drought) and water quality monitoring are of high importance for the human society.

The Hydrology group at the Institute of Hydrodynamics is focused primarily on hydrological monitoring and on modelling of hydrological processes. Hydrological monitoring takes place in headwater areas in the Bohemian Forest and recently also in agricultural basins in Central Bohemia. The monitoring primarily serves as a fundamental source of data and knowledge about hydrological processes. The data then constitute a base for a development of hydrological models and for a verification of scientific theories. Recently the attention is paid primarily to the effect and importance of soil moisture.

Kofroňová J., Šípek V., Hnilica J., Vlček L., Tesař M. (2021). Canopy interception estimates in a Norway spruce forest and their importance for the hydrological modelling. Hydrological Sciences Journal. (online fisrt)

Vlček, L., Šípek, V., Kofroňová, J., Kocum, J., Doležal, T., Janský, B. (2021). Runoff formation in a catchment with Peat bog and Podzol hillslopes. Journal of Hydrology. 593(February), 125633.

Šípek, V., Hnilica, J., Vlček, L., Hnilicová, S., Tesař, M. (2020). Influence of vegetation type and soil properties on soil water dynamics in the Šumava Mountains (Southern Bohemia). Journal of Hydrology. 582(March), 124285.

Hnilica, J., Hanel, M., Puš, V. (2019). Technical note: Changes in cross- and auto-dependence structures in climate projections of daily precipitation and their sensitivity to outliers. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences. 23(3), 1741–1749.

Šípek, V., Jačka L., Seyedsadr, S., Trakal, L. (2019). Manifestation of spatial and temporal variability of soil hydraulic properties in the uncultivated Fluvisol and performance of hydrological model. Catena. 182(November), 104119.

Jačka, L., Trakal, L., Ouředníček, P., Pohořelý, M., Šípek, V. (2018). Biochar presence in soil significantly decreased saturated hydraulic conductivity due to swelling. Soil & Tillage Research. 184(December), 181–185.

Hnilica, J., Hanel, M., Puš, V. (2017). Multisite bias correction of precipitation data from regional climate models. International Journal of Climatology. 37(6), 2934–2946.

Oulehle, F., Chuman, T., Hruška, J., Krám, P., McDowell, W. H., Myška, O., Navrátil, T., Tesař, M. (2017). Recovery from acidification alters concentrations and fluxes of solutes from Czech catchments. Biogeochemistry. 132(3), 215–272.

Šípek, V., Tesař, M. (2017). Year–round estimation of soil moisture content using temporally variable soil hydraulic parameters. Hydrological Processes. 31(6), 1438–1452.

 

Nabízená témata diplomových a disertačních prací

  • Modelování změn hydrologického cyklu v závislosti na změně vstupních podmínek (využití území, klimatická změna)
  • Vyhodnocení monitoringu vodního režimu půdy na lokalitách s různou mírou zasažení kůrovcovou kalamitou
  • Intercepční proces lesního porostu
  • Analýza složek sluneční radiace na lokalitě v CHKO Šumava