Hydrology


Hydrology studies the principles of water movements over the Earth. The main aim of the hydrological research is to define an occurrence of water, its circulation, spatial distribution, physical and chemical properties, and it relation to biosphere. As the water is present in all spheres of natural environment, hydrology is closely interrelated with meteorology, climatology, pedology, geology, and ecology. Water abundance, shortage, and pollution represent limiting factors for human development in various regions all over the world. Hence, the hydrological forecasting (both floods and drought) and water quality monitoring are of high importance for the human society.

The Department of Hydrology and Environment is focused on several topics. The first is represented by the investigation of water movements within the soil profile. The soil saturation constitutes one of the key factors controlling the flood occurrence and therefore belongs to crucial inputs to the hydrological forecasting systems. The second topic deals with the influence of climate change on the water regime in the Czech Republic. The changes of climate, land use or management practices may significantly affect the water resources management in various ways. Long-term orientation of the department is pointed at the hydroecological monitoring in mountainous regions of the Czech Republic. The main aim of this research is to precisely quantify all catchments’ input and output fluxes.

Vlček, L., Šípek, V., Kofroňová, J., Kocum, J., Doležal, T., Janský, B. (2020). Runoff formation in a catchment with Peat bog and Podzol hillslopes. Journal of Hydrology. (early view)

Šípek, V., Hnilica, J., Vlček, L., Hnilicová, S., Tesař, M. (2020). Influence of vegetation type and soil properties on soil water dynamics in the Šumava Mountains (Southern Bohemia)Journal of Hydrology582(March), 124285.

Šípek, V., Jačka L., Seyedsadr, S., Trakal, L. (2019). Manifestation of spatial and temporal variability of soil hydraulic properties in the uncultivated Fluvisol and performance of hydrological model. Catena 182(November), 104119.

Kofroňová, J., Tesař, M., Šípek, V. (2019). The influence of observed and modelled net longwave radiation on the rate of estimated potential evapotranspiration. Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics 67(3), 280288.

Hnilica, J., Hanel, M., Puš, V. (2019). Technical note: Changes in cross- and auto-dependence structures in climate projections of daily precipitation and their sensitivity to outliers. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 23(3), 17411749.

Jačka, L., Trakal, L., Ouředníček, P., Pohořelý, M., Šípek, V. (2018). Biochar presence in soil significantly decreased saturated hydraulic conductivity due to swelling. Soil & Tillage Research 184(December), 181185.

Hnilica, J., Hanel, M. Puš, V. (2017). Multisite bias correction of precipitation data from regional climate models. International Journal of Climatology 37(6), 29342946.

Oulehle, F., Chuman, T., Hruška, J., Krám, P., Mcdowell, W.H., Myška, O., Navrátil, T., Tesař, M. (2017). Recovery from acidification alters concentrations and fluxes of solutes from Czech catchments. Biogeochemistry 132(3), 251272.

Šípek, V., Tesař, M. (2017). Year-round estimation of soil moisture content using temporally variable soil hydraulic parameters. Hydrological Processes 31(6), 14381452.

Šípek, V., Tesař, M. (2016). Validation of a mesoscale hydrological model in a small-scale forested catchment. Hydrology Research 47(1), 2741.

Oulehle, F., Kopáček, J., Chuman, T., Černohous, V., Hůnová, I., Hruška, J., Krám, P., Lachmaová, Z., Navrátil, T., Štěpánek, P., Tesař, M., Christopher, E. D. (2016). Predicting sulphur and nitrogen deposition using a simple statistical method. Atmospheric Environment 140, 456468. 

Šípek, V., Daňhelka, J. (2015). Modification of input datasets for the Ensemble Streamflow Prediction based on large scale climatic indices and weather generator. Journal of Hydrology 528, 720–733.

Navrátil, T., Shanley, J., Rohovec, J., Oulehle, F., Krám, P., Matoušková, Š., Tesař, M., Hojdová, M. (2015). Mercury in stream water at five Czech catchments across a Hg and S deposition gradient. Journal of Geochemical Exploration 158, 201–211.

  • Mgr. Jitka Kofroňová
  • Samar Seyedsadr
  • Ing. Ondřej Šebek
  • Mgr. Nikol Zelíková
 

Nabízená témata diplomových a disertačních prací

  • Modelování změn hydrologického cyklu v závislosti na změně vstupních podmínek (využití území, klimatická změna)
  • Vyhodnocení monitoringu vodního režimu půdy na lokalitách s různou mírou zasažení kůrovcovou kalamitou
  • Intercepční proces lesního porostu
  • Analýza složek sluneční radiace na lokalitě v CHKO Šumava