Hydrology deals with the laws of water circulation on Earth. Excess and lack of water or its deteriorated quality represent a limiting factor for a number of human activities. The study and prediction of floods, droughts, and monitoring of the quality of water resources are therefore of considerable importance to human society.

The research of the Department of Hydrology at the Institute of Hydrodynamics is thematically related primarily to water in soil. We focus on the study of factors affecting spatial and temporal changes in soil saturation and its influence on runoff formation from a catchment. We have been engaged in experimental monitoring and modeling of hydrological processes for a long time. Hydrological monitoring takes place mainly in the headwater areas of Czech mountains (the Bohemian Forest, The Giant Mountains), but it is currently being extended to agricultural catchments in the Elbe River lowlands (Polabí). The data from experimental sites serve as a basis for computer modeling. This allows us to predict the effects of future climatic or landscape changes on water availability and assess the effectiveness of the measures taken. Our goal is to deepen knowledge that will contribute to ensuring a sufficient water availability for human needs and a pleasant environment for life.

Hofbauer, M., Kincl, D., Vopravil, J., Kabelka, D., Vráblík, P. (2023). Preferential Erosion of Soil Organic Carbon and Fine-Grained Soil Particles—An Analysis of 82 Rainfall Simulations. Agronomy. 13(1), 217.
Vlček, L., Šípek, V., Zelíková, N., Čáp, P., Kincl, D., & Vopravil, J. (2022). Water retention and infiltration affected by conventional and conservational tillage on a maize plot; rainfall simulator and infiltrometer comparison study. Agricultural Water Management, 271, 107800.

Kofroňová J., Šípek V., Hnilica J., Vlček L., Tesař M. (2021). Canopy interception estimates in a Norway spruce forest and their importance for the hydrological modelling. Hydrological Sciences Journal. 66(7), 1233-1247.

Vlček, L., Šípek, V., Kofroňová, J., Kocum, J., Doležal, T., Janský, B. (2021). Runoff formation in a catchment with Peat bog and Podzol hillslopes. Journal of Hydrology. 593(February), 125633.

Šípek, V., Hnilica, J., Vlček, L., Hnilicová, S., Tesař, M. (2020). Influence of vegetation type and soil properties on soil water dynamics in the Šumava Mountains (Southern Bohemia). Journal of Hydrology. 582(March), 124285.

Hnilica, J., Hanel, M., Puš, V. (2019). Technical note: Changes in cross- and auto-dependence structures in climate projections of daily precipitation and their sensitivity to outliers. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences. 23(3), 1741–1749.

Šípek, V., Jačka L., Seyedsadr, S., Trakal, L. (2019). Manifestation of spatial and temporal variability of soil hydraulic properties in the uncultivated Fluvisol and performance of hydrological model. Catena. 182(November), 104119.

Jačka, L., Trakal, L., Ouředníček, P., Pohořelý, M., Šípek, V. (2018). Biochar presence in soil significantly decreased saturated hydraulic conductivity due to swelling. Soil & Tillage Research. 184(December), 181–185.

Hnilica, J., Hanel, M., Puš, V. (2017). Multisite bias correction of precipitation data from regional climate models. International Journal of Climatology. 37(6), 2934–2946.

Oulehle, F., Chuman, T., Hruška, J., Krám, P., McDowell, W. H., Myška, O., Navrátil, T., Tesař, M. (2017). Recovery from acidification alters concentrations and fluxes of solutes from Czech catchments. Biogeochemistry. 132(3), 215–272.

Šípek, V., Tesař, M. (2017). Year–round estimation of soil moisture content using temporally variable soil hydraulic parameters. Hydrological Processes. 31(6), 1438–1452.